Masculist concerns focus on societal acceptance of violence harming men paired with the stigma against violence harming women, as well as males being taught or expected to take on violent roles and implying all males of all ages are expendable.
- Violence against men minimalized or taken less seriously than violence against women otherwise completely ignored.
- Women are more violent than men in some research studies asking both men and women.
- Depiction of violence against men as humorous, in the media and elsewhere (see Boys are stupid, throw rocks at them!), when women are also violent.
- Assumption of female innocence or sympathy for women, which will always result in problems such as disproportionate penalties for men and women for similar crimes, lack of sympathy for male victims in domestic violence cases, and dismissal of female-on-male rapecases.
- Societal failure to address prison rape, including issues such as prevention (e.g., reducing prison crowding that requires sharing of cells), impunity for prison rapists, and even correctional staff punishing prisoners by confining them with known rapists. Prison rape is often used as a subject of humor in films such as Let’s Go to Prison.
- Only men are called up during a military draft.
- Circumcision (characterized as harmless tradition by some, and as male genital mutilation by others) being advocated while female genital mutilation is prohibited
- In American popular culture, sex between a boy coerced by an older woman is generally considered not to be a big deal- Time has remarked that it is “viewed with a wink”- even though this form of child molestation can have serious repercussions for the male victim, including clinical mental illness.
- A 1992 study found that boys are subject to the stereotype that they need significantly less protection against sexual abuse compared to girls. It also found that this leads to less reporting of abuse and to discrimination in which victims receive less treatment and less support from others if they are male.
- Controversy exists that laws that criminalize rape of men when perpetrated by women are not properly enforced. Research has shown that when men are raped (by either women or other men), the rapists will use their bodys’ unconscious natural responses- erections, feelings of dizziness, ejaculation, et cetera- to make them think they “actually wanted it”. Psychologist Helen Smith has written, “Our society [in the U.S.] shames men who are abused by women just as it shamed and blamed women many years ago who were abused by men. Neither strategy is a good one for a society that purports to promote justice and fairness.”
- Discrimination with regard to child custody.
- Unfairness in the way the alimony and child support systems are structured.
- Related to both of the above, gynocentric divorce law.
- Pregnancies carried to term despite agreements ahead of time that they would not be, subjecting men to unwanted parental responsibilities and/or child support expectations. (see Dubay v. Wells)
- The opposite of the above, where a man who wants to have a child has no say in whether his partner aborts their child and is not even notified if the abortion takes place. (see paternal rights and abortion)
- Equality in adoption rights allowing either unmarried males or females to adopt.
- Legislation that addresses women’s needs without considering the corresponding need in men. (e.g., Women, Infants, and Children Act;Violence Against Women Act)
- Biases in the justice system against men, such as higher incarceration rates and longer sentences for men (compared to women) for the same crimes.
- Statutory rape laws enforced more vehemently in instances where the victim is female and/or the perpetrator is male.
- Rape shield laws, which may prevent some men from adequately challenging their accuser.
- Cathy Young, who does not consider herself a “masculinist,” argues that in rape cases, “the dogma that ‘women never lie’ means that there is, for all intents and purposes, no presumption of innocence for the defendant”.
- Women are allowed to marry at younger ages than men in several countries e.g., Argentina, Uruguay and some U.S. states.
- Men pay higher premiums for auto, life and disability insurance, though discrimination according to race or other criteria is prohibited.
- In some countries, men have to pay more income tax than their female counterparts. E.g. in India the income tax exemption limit for men is Rs 150,000 per annum while that for women is Rs 180,000 per annum.
- Increasing suicide rate among young men, four times higher than among young women.
- Men have a lower average lifespan than women.
- Men constitute the majority of the prison population.
- It’s usually seen as socially acceptable for a female to try out or follow masculine social norms, whereas if a male does the same for feminine social norms they often attract unwanted attention and are victims of ridicule, insult, harassment, and threatening behavior. For example, stay-at-home dads, men who want to be nannies or babysitters, men who cry or express emotions can all be treated poorly.
- Similarly to the previous point, female homosexuality is more accepted than male homosexuality, the latter resulting in a higher degree ofhomophobia.
- Lack of advocacy for men’s rights; little domestic abuse support for men.
- Prostate cancer funding disproportionately lower than breast cancer funding.
- Incarceration for not paying child support, particularly for unwanted children, in contrast to women’s right to abort. (see Male abortion)
- Special government agencies for women’s affairs with no corresponding agencies for men’s affairs.
- Lack of legal ramifications or enforcement for paternity fraud.
- Some studies have indicated that because boys attract more teacher attention in classrooms compared to girls, boys also receive harsher forms of punishment as well as more frequent punishment than girls for the same offenses.
- Harder physical entrance criteria for men in many occupations, such as the army, police and fire service. Requiring men to be physically stronger than women in these occupations leaves men responsible for a greater share of the physical work, for no more pay.
- Legal inequality and protections of paternal vs. maternal leave in most countries.
- Data from 1994 in the U.S. reported that 94% of workplace fatalities occur to men. Masculist Warren Farrell has argued that men are often clustered in dirty, physically demanding and hazardous jobs in an unjustifiably disproportionate manner.